2022年高考英语试题、答案、录音及解析(新高考I卷 )

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2022年高考英语试题(新高考I卷 · 解析版)



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2022年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新高考I卷)

英语

语听力


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。


第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 ABC 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

: How much is the shirt?

A. 19.15.

B. 9.18.

C. 9.15.

答案是C


1. What will the speakers do next?

A. Check the map.

B. Leave the restaurant.

C. Park the car.

2. Where are the speakers?

A. At a bus stop.

B. At home.

C. At the airport.

3. What did the speakers do last week?

A. They had a celebration dinner.

B. They went to see a newborn baby.

C. They sent a mail to their neighbors.

4. Why does the man make the phone call?

A. To cancel a weekend trip.

B. To make an appointment.

C. To get some information.

5. What does the man probably want to do?

A. Do some exercise.

B. Get an extra key.

C. Order room service.


第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67 题。

6. Why does the woman come to the man?

A. To ask for permission.

B.To extend an invitation.

C.To express thanks.

7. When are the students going to the museum?

A. On Friday.

B.On Saturday.

C.On Sunday.

听第7段材料,回答第810题。

8. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Buyinggroceries.

B.Choosing gifts.

C.Seeing friends.

9. Who is Clara?

A. The man's wife.

B.The man's sister.

C.The man's daughter.

10. How much did the man spend on the city passes?

A.$36.

B.$50.

C.$150.

听第8段材料,回答第1113题。

11. Why did Tracy bring dogs to thechildren?

A. Toteachthem tolove animals.

B. To help them gain confidence

C. To protect them from dangers.

12. What isKevin'sconcernabout thedog?

A. They may misbehave.

B.They may gethurt.

C. They may carry diseases.

13. What will Helen do tomorrow morning?

A. Giveatalk.

B. Meet the children.

C.Takesome photos.

听第9段材料,回答第1417题。

14. What is the man doing?

A. Attending a lecture.

B. Hosting a workshop.

C. Conducting an interview.

15. Why is Emily doing unpaid work in the new season of the show?

A. To follow the latest trend.

B. To help raise the crew's pay.

C. To support the post-production.

16. What enables Emily to try different things in her field?

A. Her college education.

B. Her teaching experience.

C. Her family tradition.

17. What does Emily think of her work at the Film Centre?

A. Boring.

B. Rewarding.

C. Demanding

听第10段材料,回答第1820题。

18. Who is the speaker talking to?

A. Sports club members.

B.International tourists.

C.Universitystudents.

19. Where did Emma work for a rugby team?

A. In Manchester.

B.In Dublin.

C. In Vancouver

20. Whatcan be achallenge to Emma's work?

A. Competition in the health care industry.

B. Discrimination against female scientists.

C. Influence of misinformation on the public.


听力原文:

Text 137词)找车位

M: We have to find a parking space. Let’s drive around the block one more time. Did you say the restaurant has no off-street parking at all?

W: None, I checked it. Look, there is a space.

重点词汇:

off-street adj.非主干街区的;不靠街面的


Text 236词)赶飞机

M: You have to go now, Judy, or you’ll miss your flight. It’s an hour’s drive to the airport.

W: I’m leaving. Don’t forget to water my flowers.Just a minute, where is my ticket, Dad?

重点词汇:

water <熟词生义> v.浇水


Text 345词)感谢信

M: Laura, what’s in the mailbox?

W: It’s a thank-you note from our neighbor. They thank us for visiting them last week when the baby was born. They also invite us to have dinner next Friday.

M: Are they back home now?

W: Should be.

重点词汇:

thank-you note 感谢信


Text 432词)开馆时间

W: Good afternoon, Paper Museum.

M: Hello, could you tell me your opening hours for Saturday?

W: Yeah, we’re open from 10:00 in the morning to 5:00 in the afternoon.

M: Thanks.


Text 542词)寻找酒店健身馆

M: Excuse me. Where is the hotel gym, please?

W: It’s on the top floor. You can take the lift over there.

M: Do I have to pay extra?

W: No, sir. You just need to take your room key with you.

重点词汇:

pay extra 额外支付


Text 673词)计划参观历史博物馆

W: (6)(7)Mr. Wilson, students from Class Two want to visit the history museum. Will it be all right if I take them there this weekend?

M: How about their revision test? Are they through with it?

W: Yes, they are.

M: In that case, you can go ahead. (7)Try to finish it within one day so that the students still have a whole day to rest on Sunday.

W: All right, I’ll manage.


Text 7149词)孩子的生日礼物

M: Hi, Linda. Fancy seeing you here. How long have you been shopping?

W: Almost an hour. I have a lot to buy. (9)My daughter Melissa’s birthday is coming. I’m trying to get her a good gift, but I don’t know what to choose. She seems to have everything she loves.

M: Yeah, the same as Clara. We’ve already had bags of toys she’s no longer playing with.So this year, we didn’t buy her material things. We gave her an experience gift.

W: What’s that?

M: A city pass, with which she can visit 12 different attractions, including the National History Museum, the Science Museum, the zoo and more.

W: How much is it?

M: (10)50 dollars per person for a year-long pass. I bought 3 for the whole family.

W: So you can have a different outing every month for the entire year? What a great idea!

重点词汇:

fancy doing(用以表示惊奇)想不到

pass <熟词生义> n. 通行证


Text 8138词)陪护狗帮助孩子建立信心

M: Helen, busy doing anything?

W: Oh, Kevin. I’m preparing a presentation for the city library. It’s about a girl named Tracy Woods.

M: What’s special about her?

W: It was an amazing story. (11)She brought specially trained dogs to special education schools and helped children to build confidence. She believes that dogs can help children in ways we can’t. Dogs don’t judge and they don’t care who you are or what you look like.

M: But putting dogs into a school? (12)Aren’t they going to mess up the school?

W: Don’t worry. All the dogs are assessed and trained properly. There are now forty dogs working with children aged from six to eighteen.

M: I hope the children love them.

W: Of course they do. I’ve got some pictures. (13)I’ll show them at my presentation tomorrow morning.


Text 9187词)采访演员

M: Emily, (14)thank you for taking time out of your busy schedule to answer a few questions.

W: It’s my pleasure.

M: People say you’re doing unpaid work in the new season of My Fair Lady. Is this what the show business has become?

W: No, not really. All of my acting in the new season is unpaid, but the crew is paid. (15)This is to raise money for the postproductionof the show.

M: (16)I notice you’ve tried many different kinds of things: film, TV, and even theater.

W: Yeah, that’s how I was trained at university. I work on anything that excites me.

M: Tell us about the six months you recently spent at the workshop of the film centre.

W: (17)It was an unbelievable experience — teaching young actors and actresses and working with some great acting artists. It was also great to work in various labs, such as directors, writers and so on. (17)It’s very helpful for making you a really well-roundedand active member of the film and television industry.

M: Thank you very much, Emily. We look forward to your new season.

重点词汇:

postproduction n.后期制作


Text 10165词)邀请健康专家演讲

W: Hi, everyone. (18)This is the monthly meeting of our club. We’ve been fortunate to have got good advice from some famous athletes on how to improve our skills and build up our body. Today, we’ll hear something different. We’re honored to have Emma Wilson here. Emma is a health expert and lecturer from UBC, the University of British Columbia. Emma worked for a football team in Manchester, (19)then for a very successful rugby team in Dublin,and finally ended up working here in Vancouver. (20)Emma says it’s challenging to be a health expert, because people can be easily influenced by advertisements that lackscientific support. Also, people aren’t willing to change their views about food and nutrition as there is so much confusing information online. It’s really important to hear what experts say and that’s why we’ve invited Emma here. She isn’t going to tell us about everything we should eat, but she will teach us to make better choices. Let’s welcome Emma Wilson.

重点词汇:

rugby / ?r?gbi/ n.英式橄榄球

Dublin /?d?bl?n/ n.都柏林(爱尔兰共和国的首都)

lack v.缺乏


背景知识:

UBC (University of British Columbia)

不列颠哥伦比亚大学,又或译为英属哥伦比亚大学等,简称卑诗大学或卑大,是一所位于加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚省的公立大学,也是U15大学联盟、英联邦大学协会、环太平洋大学联盟、和Universitas 21成员之一。截至目前,不列颠哥伦比亚大学共培养了8位诺贝尔奖得主。学校主校区位于紧邻温哥华市西端的大学保留地,于1908年创校,为不列颠哥伦比亚省最古老的大学,起初为研究性合作机构,后来逐渐发展为闻名国际的综合大学;另外位于基隆拿市的新校区成立于2005年,称为不列颠哥伦比亚大学奥卡纳干分校,取代原奥卡纳干大学学院。


参考答案:

1—5 CBBCA

6—10 ABBCC

11—15 BAACC

16—20 ABABC


版本1:

2022全国新高考英语1卷
试题类型试题分析负责老师
阅读理解AB篇 杨仙逸中学 廖洁芳CD 篇山东沂水三中宋夫利
七选五茂名田家炳中学 朱伯丽
完形填空汕头市潮南区峡晖中学 连晓槟
语法填空化州实验中学 陈龙玉
应用文中山大学附属中学戚满兰
读后续写潮州市高级中学 李淳
书面表达(下水文
应用文江苏镇江扬中 陈虹秀
中山大学附属中学戚满兰
丰顺中学 郑会敏
读后续写潮州市高级中学 李淳
高州二中 梁潮莲


参考答案:21 ~ 23 CBA

试题分析:廖洁芳 杨仙逸中学

21.Where is this text probably taken from?

A. A textbook. B. An exam paper.C. A course plan. D. An academic article.

正确选项为C。根据原文标题“Grading Policies for Introduction to Literature”以及小标题可知这篇文章是从“Essays”、“Group Assignments”、“Daily Work/In-Class Writings and Test/Group Work/Homework ”、“Late Work”四个方面来介绍文学课程的评分方法,因而正确答案为C 课程计划。A. A textbook 教科书 B. An exam paper试卷D. An academic article学术性文章。

22. How many parts is a student’s final grade made up of?

A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five.

解析:正确选项为B。根据原文小标题“Essays (60%)”、“Group Assignments (30%)”、“Daily Work/In-Class Writings and Test/Group Work/Homework (10%)”可知一个学生课程的最终得分是由“论文”、“小组作业”、“日常作业/课堂写作和测试/小组作业/家庭作业”三部分组成的。

23. What will happen if you submit an essay one week after the due date?

A. You will receive a zero. B. You will lose a letter grade.

C. You will be given a test. D. You will have to rewrite it.

解析:正确选项为A。从文章最后一段“Late Work”部分的“An essay not submitted in class on the due date will lose a letter grade for each class period it is late. If it is not turned in by the 4th day after the due date, it will earn a zero. ”可知学生如果未在最后期限提交的论文,每迟到一节课,将降低一个等级。如果在最后期限的第四天及以后仍未交回,则将获得零分。因而如果你在最后期限的一个星期后交论文将会获得零分。B 你的分数会降低一个等级;C 你会再考一次试;D 你要重写一次论文。



参考答案:24 ~ 27 BBDA

试题分析:廖洁芳 杨仙逸中学

24. What does the author want to show by telling the arugula story?

A. We pay little attention to food waste.B. We waste food unintentionally at times.

C. We waste more vegetables than meat.D. We have good reasons for wasting food.

解析:正确选项为B。文章第一段讲述了作者无意中浪费了芝麻菜的经历,从中可以得知即使作者和大多数人一样会特别注意浪费实物的问题,但是仍会无意中出现浪费食物的情况, 所以B 我们有时会无意中浪费实物为正确选项。A 我们很少注意到浪费实物的情况;C 我们浪费蔬菜多于肉类;D 我们有充分的理由浪费食物。

25. What is a consequence of food waste according to the text?

A. Moral decline. B. Environmental harm.

C. Energy shortage. D. Worldwide starvation.

解析:正确选项为B。从文章第三段第一二句“Producing food that no one eats wastes the water, fuel, and other resources used to grow it. That makes food waste an environmental problem.”可知生产无人食用的食物会浪费水、燃料和其他用于种植的资源。这就使得食物浪费成为一个环境问题,故B 环境危害为正确选项。A 道德沦丧;C 能源短缺 ;D全球饥荒。

26. What does Curtin’s company do?

A. It produces kitchen equipment. B. It turns rotten arugula into clean fuel.

C. It helps local farmers grow fruits. D. It makes meals out of unwanted food.

解析:正确选项为D。从文章第四段第三句“Curtin is CEO of DC Central Kitchen in Washington. D.C., which recovers food and turns it into healthy meals. ”可知Curtin是华盛顿DC Central Kitchen的首席执行官,而DC Central Kitchen是回收食物并将其转化为健康的膳食的一家公司。故D它用不需要的食物做饭为正确选项。A 它生产厨房设备;B 它把腐烂的芝麻菜变成清洁能源;C 它帮助当地农民种植水果。

27. What does Curtin suggest people do?

A. Buy only what is needed. B. Reduce food consumption.

C. Go shopping once a week. D. Eat in restaurants less often.

解析:正确选项为A。从文章最后一段 Curtin 所说的话“Everyone can play a part in reducing waste, whether by not purchasing more food than necessary in your weekly shopping or by asking restaurants to not include the side dish you won’t eat.”可知他认为“每个人都可以在减少浪费方面发挥作用,无论是在每周购物时不购买超过必要数量的食物,还是要求餐厅不要提供你不会吃的配菜。”可知A选项只购买所需东西为正确选项。B减少食物消耗;C每周去购物一次;D减少在餐馆吃饭的次数。


参考答案:28-31 DBCA

试题分析:宋夫利 山东沂水三中

28.What is the purpose of the project?

A. To ensure harmony in care homes.

B. To provide part-time jobs for he aged.

C. To raise money for medical research.

D. To promote the elderly people’s welfare.

解析:正确选项为D项。本题考查这个项目的目的是什么。根据关键词project, 定位到文章第二段,该项目由当地一家慈善机构发起,旨在减少老年人的孤独感,改善老年人的福祉。它还被用来帮助患有痴呆症(一种严重的精神疾病)的患者。疗养院的工作人员报告说,通过养鸡活动,老年人药物的使用有所减少,所以我们选D项为了改善老年人的福祉。其他选项:A确保养老院的和谐;B为老年人提供兼职工作;C 为医学研究筹集资金。

29.How has the project affected Ruth Xavier?

A. She has learned new life skills.

B. She has gained a sense of achievement.

C. She has recovered her memory.

D. She has developed a strong personality.

解析:正确选项为B项。本题考查该项目对露丝·泽维尔有何影响?根据关键词Ruth Xavier, 定位到文章第三、四、五段,第三段出现了目标人物,这三段中Ruth Xavier的发言体现了该项目对她的影响,尤其是第五段最后一句,I’m enjoying the creative activities, and it feels great to have done something useful.我很享受这些创意活动,做了一些有用的事情感觉很棒,所以我们选择B项:她有了成就感。其他选项:A她学会了新的生活技能;C 她恢复了记忆;D她养成了坚强的个性。

30.What do the underlined words “embark on” mean in paragraph 7?

A. Improve. B. Oppose. C. Begin. D. Evaluate.

解析:正确选项为C项。本题考查第7段中划线短语“embark on”是什么意思?根据关键词“embark on”定位到第七段,找到划线短语的主语是Wendy Wilson,他说“Residents really welcome the idea of the project and the creative sessions. We are looking forward to the benefits and fun the project can bring to people here.”老人们非常欢迎这个项目的想法和创意活动。我们期待着这个项目能给这里的人们带来的好处和乐趣。由此可知,他是这个项目的发起人之一,所以我们选择C项:发起。其他选项:A改进;B反对;D评估。

31.What can we learn about the project from the last two paragraphs?

A. It is well received. B. It needs to be more creative.

C. It is highly profitable. D. It takes ages to see the results.

解析:正确选项为A项。本题考查从最后两段中,我们可以了解到该项目的哪些信息?根据关键词from the last two paragraphs定位到最后两段,这两段分别引用了两个代表人物Wendy Wilson和Lynn Lewis的话。Wendy Wilson认为:老人们非常欢迎这个项目的想法和创意活动。我们期待着这个项目能给这里的人们带来的好处和乐趣。Lynn Lewis认为:“我们很高兴参加这个项目。它将通过共同的兴趣和创造性活动真正帮助我们老年人联系起来。”由此可知,这个项目很受欢迎,所以我们选择A项。其他选项:B它需要更具创造性;C这是非常有利可图的;D要花很长时间才能看到结果。

参考答案:32-35 DCAC

试题分析:宋夫利 山东沂水三中

32.Which aspect of the human speech sound does Damian Blasi’s research focus on?

A. Its variety. B. Its distribution. C. Its quantity. D. Its development.解析:正确选项为D项。本题考查达米安·布拉西的研究集中在人类语音的哪个方面?根据关键词Damian Blasi, 定位到文章第二段最后一句,Now a team of researchers led by Damian Blasi at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, has found how and why this trend arose. 现在,由瑞士苏黎世大学的达米安·布拉西领导的一个研究小组已经发现了这种趋势是如何以及为什么会出现的。由此可知,他的团队主要人类语音的发展过程,所以我们选D项。其他选项:A它的多样性;B它的分布;C 它的数量。

33.Why was it difficult for ancient human adults to produce labiodentals?

A. They had fewer upper teeth than lower teeth.

B. They could not open and close their lips easily.

C. Their jaws were not conveniently structured.

D. Their lower front teeth were not large enough.

解析:正确选项为C项。本题考查该项目为什么古人类成年人很难发出唇齿音?根据关键词ancient human adults, 定位到文章第四段,第一句说他们发现,古代人类成人的上下门牙是对齐的,因此很难产生唇齿音,因为唇齿音是由下唇接触上牙形成的。根据第二句Later, our jaws changed to an overbite structure (结构), making it easier to produce such sounds.可知后来,人类的下巴变成了覆牙合结构,让发出这样的声音变得更容易。因此,所以我们选择C项:古代人的下巴结构不利于发出唇齿音。其他选项:A 他们的上齿比下齿少;B 他们不能轻易地张开和合上嘴唇;D他们的下门牙不够大。

34.What is paragraph 5 mainly about?

A. Supporting evidence for the research results.

B. Potential application of the research findings.

C. A further explanation of the research methods.

D. A reasonable doubt about the research process.

解析:正确选项为A项。本题考查第5段的段落大意。本段内容为:对语言数据库的分析还证实,新石器时代之后,世界语言的声音发生了全球变化,“f”和“v”的使用在过去几千年中显著增加。这些声音在今天许多狩猎采集者的语言中仍然找不到。由此可知,本段讲了研究结果的支持性证据,所以我们选择A项。其他选项:B研究结果的潜在应用;C进一步说明研究方法;D对研究过程的合理质疑。

35.What does Steven Moran say about the set of human speech sounds?

A. It is key to effective communication.

B. It contributes much to cultural diversity.

C. It is a complex and dynamic system.

D. It drives the evolution of human beings.

解析:正确选项为C项。本题考查史蒂文·莫兰对人类的语音有什么看法。根据关键词Steven Moran定位到最后一段,Steven Moran认为:“自人类出现以来,我们使用的语音并不是一直保持稳定,但我们今天发现的各种语音是生物变化和文化进化等复杂相互作用的产物。”由此可知,这是一个复杂的发展变化的系统。所以我们选择C项。其他选项:A这是有效沟通的关键;B 它为文化多样性做出了巨大贡献;D它推动了人类的进化。




参考答案:36-40 CDBGF

试题分析:朱伯丽 茂名田家炳中学

36.从后面那句话:With a workout partner, you will increase your training effort as there is a subtle(微妙)competition.有一个健身的伙伴,你会加强努力训练因为这当中有微妙的竞争,这和C的题意更加努力吻合,所以选C。

37.D判断你想从那个人身上得到什么。Do you want to be a better athlete in your favorite sport?(你是想要在你喜欢的运动领域成为一个更好的运动员或者你只想身体健康),能够有力量和灵活地移动?根据上下文逻辑or提示两个并列的问句,和前面那句你想得到什么呼应。

38.B这句的提示不是特别明显,根据后面If you plan on working out in a gym, that person must belong to the same gym.是讨论选择什么样的伙伴比较合适,B项A workout partner usually needs to live close by.也是属于这种合适一起锻炼的伙伴的范畴,并列的逻辑关系。

39.G断尾的选项一般是总结,上文:Her notice included what kind of training she wanted to do, how many days a week and how many hours she wanted to spend on each session, and her age. It also listed her favorite sports and activities,and provided her phone number. 举了一个notice 的例子, 列举了诸如:一周锻炼多少天, 一个session部分几个小时在一起,年龄。列出她最喜欢的运动和活动,提供电话号码都是个人信息,因此要包括这些信息

40.F You and your partner will probably have different skills.这句话提到你和你的运动伙伴也许有不同的技能,所以接受你们的不同Just accept your differences ,学会彼此合作,求同存异。






参考答案:41-45 CADCB 46—50 ADBAC 51—55 ADCDB

试题分析:连晓槟 汕头市潮南区峡晖中学

主题:人与社会

语篇导读:本文是记叙文。
文章介绍作者一家在过去露营中令作者印象深刻的经历,其中一次得到了陌生人的帮助,让作者对于未来的冒险更加充满期待。
41.C 解析:考查名词及上文提示。根据上文第一段,作者在过去这几年有很多美好的露营经历,可见作者是对这些经历回忆,其中胡一些回忆是有趣的。
42.A 解析:考查动词及上文提示。作者回忆孩子小的时候,在Chalk Greek露营的经历。
43.D 解析:考查形容词及下文提示。根据下文作者在孩子腰部系上绳索让其靠近我们,可知作者要担心孩子,防止掉入小溪。
44.C 解析:考查形容词及下文提示。从下文孩子的哭声可知,该做法应该是让孩子不舒服。
45.B 解析:考查短语及逻辑关系。根据后文作者只是密切孩子的举动可知,作者反过来不是系着孩子,而是近距离孩子。
46.A 解析:考查动词及下文提示。根据后一句话转折可知,不把孩子系绳索的做法确实起到了效果。15个月大的孩子没有掉到小溪,而是三岁大的孩子掉入,
47.D 解析:考查动词短语及上下文提示。根据上文作者在回忆另外一次露营经历,可知作者应该在出发要天气晴朗,之后在遭遇暴风雨。
48.B 解析:考查动词及上文提示。暴风雨逼近快速的打断了作者安静的早晨。
49.A 解析:考查名词及上文提示。根据上文暴风雨逼近,山里面风加剧,天空出现轰隆雷声。
50.C 解析:考查动词及上文提示。根据前文天气发生变化,作者一家发动摩托赶紧离开。
51.A 解析:考查名词及上文提示。根据前文作者一家要开车离开,发动后没反应,再试之后,仍然是得不到回应,可知应该运气不佳。
52.D 解析:考查副词及上文提示。根据上文作者发动车辆无望,一家人只能无助的坐在原地。
53.C 解析:考查形容词及上文提示。根据上文作者在无助的时候,刚好有一渔民向作者提供援助,可知作者一家是安全。
54.D 解析:考查名词及下文提示。根据下文作者一家都对期待以后的露营会带来什么乐趣,可知作者对以后的露营都充满了兴奋。
55.B 解析:考查名词及上下文提示。作者一家都期待以后的露营带来怎样的乐趣和冒险。






参考答案:

56 Covering 57 the 58 were 59 to increase 60 is designed 61 and 62 populations 63 eventually 64 as 65 that

试题分析:陈龙玉化州实验中学

篇章类型:说明文

主题:人与自然

文章大意:中国政府最近敲定了一项建立大熊猫国家公园的计划,将成为中国最早的国家公园之一。它的主要目标是改善大熊猫种群和大熊猫家园之间的连通性,最终使其达到预期的野生种群水平。大熊猫也将作为一种保护伞物种,为许多植物和动物带来保护。

命题形式:纯空格:4 有提示词:6

考点分布:


试题分析:陈龙玉化州实验中学


试题分析:

56.Covering 考查非谓语。分析句子结构可知,该句子的主语是the GPNP,系动词是 will be, 表语是one of the first national parks in the country,句子成分完整。又因提示词cover为动词,the GPNP与cover的关系为主动关系,故空格处应填入cover的现在分词形式。(注意:位于句子开头,单词第一个字母应大写。)

57.the 考查非冠词。固定搭配,倍数表达:倍数+the+名词(size/weight/length ...)+of B,表示“是B(大小/重量/长度...)的多少倍”。

58.were 考查时态。定语从句中的谓语,由从句主语areas和空格后的previously unprotected(以前没有受到保护)可知此处应用be动词的复数且时态为一般过去时。

59. to increase 考查非谓语。不定式作目的状语。

60.is designed 考查被动语态。分析句子结构可知,主语The GPNP与design是被动关系,所以用被动语态;陈述一般事实,故用一般现在时。

61.and 考查并列连词。用and 连接了三个指导原则“protecting..., ,preserving ..., and leaving ...”。

62.populations 考查名词复数。因为前面有separate(分开的)修饰,且population为可数名词。

63.eventually 考查词性转换。修饰动词achieve应用副词。

64.as 考查介词。固定搭配,serve as...表示“ 作为...”。

65.that 考查连词。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是 all the species, 指物并有all修饰。(知识点补充:当先行词指物,且被all, every, any, the very, the only, the just等修饰时,只使用that不用which引导。)


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一线老师下水文
1

Dear Caroline,

I am Lihua, a student in charge of the program “talk and talk”launched in the broadcastingstation of our school. I am writing to invite you to an interview in this program.

As you know, “talk and talk”, designed to expose students to authentic English environment, has been gaining tremendous currency, where knowledgeconcerning English and culture is displayed through interviewswith foreign teachers, lectures, andso on. In response to students’request, this Friday afternoon, specifically at 3:00pm, you are invited to be interviewed during the show to talk about the development of English idioms.

I am confident that your involvement will add much spice to the show. Looking forward to your earliest reply.

Yours sincere

Lihua

作者:江苏镇江扬中 陈虹秀

2

Dear Caroline,

I’mLiHua, a radio announcer in charge of the English Talk Show “Talk and Talk”, an English program broadcast live every Friday eveningin our school broadcasting station. “Talk and Talk” is a popular program for native English speakers to talk about the issues that most teenagers on our campus are interested in.

Next Friday evening from 5:30 to 6:00, we will talk about “Double Reduction Policy”, a hot topic in China nowadays, which means effectively reducing the heavy homework burden and after-school training burden of students in the stage of compulsory education. As we all know, you are notonly an outstanding English teacher in our school, but also a fantastic educator who has extraordinary insight into education policy, so I’d like to invite you to talk about the new “Double Reduction Policy” in our “Talk and Talk” program.

I would appreciate it if you could spare time to join us and share your opinions on “Double Reduction Policy”. I’m looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

作者:中山大学附属中学戚满兰

3
Dear Caroline,

I am LiHua,head of the English programmeTalk and Talkof ourSchool Broadcasting Station. I wouldliketo invite you toattend an interview for our talk show.
First, our programme starts at 4:30 pm every weekday and lasts 20 minutes. It mainly features on campus life and latest domestic and international news.Therefore, I would like to invite you to share your excellent teaching experiences with us and your suggestions for English study on nextFriday. I am wonderingwhetherit is convenient for you. If not, please let me know so that we can make adjustment to suit your schedule.

I sincerely hope you can accept my invitation and share your experience. Looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

作者:丰顺中学 郑会敏
更多资源,尽在“英语学习(waynesunbj)”


一线老师下水文
1

作者:潮州市高级中学 李淳

We sat down next to each other, but David wouldn’t look at me.I patted him to get his attention. I tried to persuade him that just being afraid of being laughed at was no reason to give up. He seemed to be a little bit surprised but he thought for a while and accepted my advice to take part in the running. Ifelt some kind of relief and convinced him of his capability to fulfill this ambition since he had had sufficient practiceand strong determination. Then the running was about to begin.
I watched as David moved up to the starting line with the other runners.He looked back at me and I signaled to him with a thumbs up, feeling proud of him. He smiledtook a deep breath and got ready for the race. When the running began, he ran with all his strength, is spite of his abnormal steps. Eventually, he finished the running. Nearly out of breath, he walked to me and then gave me a hug. "Thank you!" he uttered, "Without you, I would never taste such sense of achievement of challenging myself. "

2

We sat down next to each other, but David wouldn’t look at me.Heducked his head silently, his hands crossed together. “David, since you have worked hard for the event, why did you decide to quit running ?” I asked in a gentle voice. Davidstillkeptsilent,withoutlookingat me . “Are you afraid that kids from other schools would laugh at you? Ifso, I think it’s not necessary to have mean people to prevent you from doing what you want to do. Just be yourself and let it go.” After hearing my encouragement, David looked up at me with a determined look, saying, “I will run with all my effort!”

I watched as David moved up to the starting line with the other runners.I stood on the sidelines with the excited crowd as David moved up to the starting line.No sooner had the starter’s gun shot, David tottered forward with the other kids. Other children rushed forward like an arrow, and David tried his best to keep up with them. But minuteslater, the other children disappeared, running through the thick forest. David seemed a little worried. “Come on David! We believe you can do it!” the audiencecheered for him. David kept his pace, continuing his running. About 15 minutes later ,the first runners finished the 3000 kilometers race one by one, but I couldn’t see David . Another 15 minutes passed, yet David was still not in sight. I was worried about him. “Ishe lost in the thick forest?” Just at that moment, I heard a storm of applause and cheers from the audience. David appeared in front of us, his small body rocking from side to side. Seeing this scene, I felt proud of him, my eyes filled with mist.

作者:高州二中梁潮莲


参考答案


第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分50)

第一节(15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5)

21 ~ 23 CBA 24 ~ 27 BBDA 28 ~ 31 DBCA 32 ~ 35 DCAC

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

36 ~ 40 CDBGF

第二部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

41 ~ 45 CADCB 46 ~ 50 ADBAC 51 ~ 55 ADCDB

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

56. Covering

57. the
58. were
59. to increase
60. is designed
61. and
62. populations
63. eventually
64. as
65. that

第三部分写作(共两节,满分40分)


版本2:
2022年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新高考I卷
英语

2022年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语(全国I卷)


本试卷共10页,满分120分。考试用时120分钟。

注意事项:1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹例笔或签字笔将自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。用2B铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。因笔试不考听力,选择题从第二部分的“阅读”开始,试题序号从“21”开始。

2. 作答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B船笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑;如需改动,用像皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。

3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上:如而改动,先则掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。


第二部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Grading Policies for Introduction to Literature
Grading Scale
90-100, A; 80-89, B; 70-79, C; 60-69, D; Below 60, E.
Essays (60%)
Your four major essays will combine to form the main part of the grade for this course: Essay 1 = 10%; Essay 2-15%; Essay 3= 15%; Essay 4 = 20%.
Group Assignments (30%)
Students will work in groups to complete four assignments (作业) during the course. All the assignments will be submitted by the assigned date through Blackboard, our online learning and course management system.
Daily Work/In-Class Writings and Test/Group Work/Homework (10%)
n Class activities will vary from day to day, but students must be ready to complete short in-class writings or tests drawn directly from assigned readings or notes from the previous class’ lecture/discussion, so it is important to take careful notes during class. Additionally, from time to time I will assign group work to be completed in class or short assignments to be completed at home, both of which will be graded.
Late Work
An essay not submitted in class on the due date will lose a letter grade for each class period it is late. If it is not turned in by the 4th day after the due date, it will earn a zero. Daily assignments not completed during class will get a zero. Short writings missed as a result of an excused absence will be accepted.


21.Where is this text probably taken from?

A. A textbook.

B. An exam paper.

C. A course plan.

D. An academic article.

22.How many parts is a student’s final grade made up of?

A. Two.

B. Three.

C. Four.

D. Five.

23.What will happen if you submit an essay one week after the due date?

A. You will receive a zero.

B. You will lose a letter grade.

C. You will be given a test.

D. You will have to rewrite it.


【参考答案】

21-23:CBA


B

Like most of us, I try to be mindful of food that goes to waste. The arugula (芝麻菜) was to make a nice green salad, rounding out a roast chicken dinner. But I ended up working late. Then friends called with a dinner invitation. I stuck the chicken in the freezer. But as days passed, the arugula went bad. Even worse, I had unthinkingly bought way too much; I could have made six salads with what I threw out.
In a world where nearly 800 million people a year go hungry, “food waste goes against the moral grain,” as Elizabeth Royte writes in this month’s cover story. It’s jaw-dropping how much perfectly good food is thrown away - from “ugly” (but quite eatable) vegetables rejected by grocers to large amounts of uneaten dishes thrown into restaurant garbage cans.
Producing food that no one eats wastes the water, fuel, and other resources used to grow it. That makes food waste an environmental problem. In fact, Royte writes, “if food waste were a country, it would be the third largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world.”
If that’s hard to understand, let’s keep it as simple as the arugula at the back of my refrigerator. Mike Curtin sees my arugula story all the time - but for him, it’s more like 12 boxes of donated strawberries nearing their last days. Curtin is CEO of DC Central Kitchen in Washington. D.C., which recovers food and turns it into healthy meals. Last year it recovered more than 807,500 pounds of food by taking donations and collecting blemished (有瑕疵的) produce that otherwise would have rotted in fields. And the strawberries? Volunteers will wash, cut, and freeze or dry them for use in meals down the road.
Such methods seem obvious, yer so often we just don’t think. “Everyone can play a part in reducing waste, whether by not purchasing more food than necessary in your weekly shopping or by asking restaurants to not include the side dish you won’t eat.” Curtin says.

24.What does the author want to show by telling the arugula story?

A. We pay little attention to food waste.

B. We waste food unintentionally at times.

C. We waste more vegetables than meat.

D. We have good reasons for wasting food.

25.What is a consequence of food waste according to the text?

A. Moral decline.

B. Environmental harm.

C. Energy shortage.

D. Worldwide starvation.

26.What does Curtin’s company do?

A. It produces kitchen equipment.

B. It turns rotten arugula into clean fuel.

C. It helps local farmers grow fruits.

D. It makes meals out of unwanted food.

27.What does Curtin suggest people do?

A. Buy only what is needed.

B. Reduce food consumption.

C. Go shopping once a week.

D. Eat in restaurants less often.


【参考答案】

24-27:BBDA


C

The elderly residents (居民) in care homes in London are being given hens to look after to stop them feeling lonely.
The project was dreamed up by a local charity (慈善组织) to reduce loneliness and improve elderly people’s wellbeing. It is also being used to help patients suffering dementia, a serious illness of the mind. Staff in care homes have reported a reduction in the use of medicine where hens are in use.
Among those taking part in the project is 80-year-old Ruth Xavier. She said: “I used to keep hens when I was younger and had to prepare their breakfast each morning before I went to school.
“I like the project a lot. I am down there in my wheelchair in the morning letting the hens out and down there again at night to see they’ve gone to bed.
“It’s good to have a different focus. People have been bringing their children in to see the hens and residents come and sit outside to watch them. I’m enjoying the creative activities, and it feels great to have done something useful.”
There are now 700 elderly people looking after hens in 20 care homes in the North East, and the charity has been given financial support to roll it out countrywide.
Wendy Wilson, extra care manager at 60 Penfold Street, one of the first to embark on the project, said: “Residents really welcome the idea of the project and the creative sessions. We are looking forward to the benefits and fun the project can bring to people here.”
Lynn Lewis, director of Notting Hill Pathways, said: “We are happy to be taking part in the project. It will really help connect our residents through a shared interest and creative activities.”


28.What is the purpose of the project?

A. To ensure harmony in care homes.

B. To provide part-time jobs for the aged.

C. To raise money for medical research.

D. To promote the elderly people’s welfare.

29.How has the project affected Ruth Xavier?

A. She has learned new life skills.

B. She has gained a sense of achievement.

C. She has recovered her memory.

D. She has developed a strong personality.

30.What do the underlined words “embark on” mean in paragraph 7?

A. Improve.

B. Oppose.

C. Begin.

D. Evaluate.

31.What can we learn about the project from the last two paragraphs?

A. It is well received.

B. It needs to be more creative.

C. It is highly profitable.

D. It takes ages to see the results.


【参考答案】

28-31:DBCA


D

Human speech contains more than 2,000 different sounds, from the common “m”and “a” to the rare clicks of some southern African languages. But why are certain sounds more common than others? A ground-breaking, five-year study shows that diet-related changes in human bite led to new speech sounds that are now found in half the world’s languages.
More than 30 years ago, the scholar Charles Hockett noted that speech sounds called labiodentals, such as “f” and “v”, were more common in the languages of societies that ate softer foods. Now a team of researchers led by Damián Blasi at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, has found how and why this trend arose.
They discovered that the upper and lower front teeth of ancient human adults were aligned (对齐),making it hard to produce labiodentals, which are formed bytouching the lower lip to the upper teeth. Later, our jaws changed to an overbite structure (结构), making iteasier to produce such sounds.
The team showed that this change in bite was connected with the development of agriculture in the Neolithic period. Food becameeasier to chew at this point. The jawbone didn’t have to do as much work and so didn’t grow to be so large.
Analyses of a language database also confirmed that there was a global change in the sound of world languages after the Neolithic age, with the use of“f”and“v”increasing remarkably during the last few thousand years. These sounds are still not found in the languages of many hunter-gatherer people today.
This research overturns the popular view that all human speech sounds were present when human beings evolved around 300,000 years ago.“The set of speech sounds we use has not necessarily remained stable since the appearance of human beings, but rather the huge variety of speech sounds that we find today is the product of a complex interplay of thingslike biological change and cultural evolution,”said Steven Moran, a member of the research team.


32.Which aspect of the human speech sound does DamiánBlasi’s research focus on?

A. Its variety.

B. Its distribution.

C. Its quantity.

D. Its development.

33.Why was it difficult for ancient human adults to produce labiodentals?

A. They had fewer upper teeth than lower teeth.

B. They could not open and close their lips easily.

C. Their jaws were not conveniently structured.

D. Their lower front teeth were not large enough.

34.What is paragraph 5 mainly about?

A. Supporting evidence for the research results.

B. Potential application of the research findings.

C. A further explanation of the research methods.

D. A reasonable doubt about the research process.

35.What does Steven Moran say about the set of human speech sounds?

A. It is key to effective communication.

B. It contributes much to cultural diversity.

C. It is a complex and dynamic system.

D. It drives the evolution of human beings.


【参考答案】

32-35:DCAC



第二节(共5小题:每小题2.5分。满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Fitness Magazine recently ran an article titled “Five Reasons to Thank Your Workout Partner.” One reason was: “You’ll actually show up if you know someone is waiting for you at the gym,” while another read: “36 ” With a workout partner, you will increase your training effort as there is a subtle (微妙) competition.
So, how do you find a workout partner?
First of all, decide what you want from that person.37 Or do you just want to be physically fit, able to move with strength and flexibility? Think about the exercises you would like to do with your workout partner.
You might think about posting what you are looking for on social media, but it probably won’t result in a useful response.38 If you plan on working out in a gym, that person must belong to the same gym.
My partner posted her request on the notice board of a local park. Her notice included what kind of training she wanted to do, how many days a week and how many hours she wanted to spend on each session, and her age. It also listed her favorite sports and activities, and provided her phone number.39
You and your partner will probably have different skills.40 Over time, both of you will benefit-your partner will be able to lift more weights and you will become more physically fit. The core (核心) of your relationship is that you will always be there to help each other.


A. Your first meeting may be a little awkward.

B. A workout partner usually needs to live close by.

C. You'll work harder if you train with someone else.

D. Do you want to be a better athlete in your favorite sport?

E. How can you write a good "seeking training partner" notice?

F. Just accept your differences and learn to work with each other.

G. Any notice for a training partner should include such information.


【参考答案】

36-40:CDBGF



第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

My husband, our children and I have had wonderful camping experiences over the past ten years.
Some of our41 are funny, especially from the early years when our children were little. Once, we42along Chalk Creek. I was43 that our 15-month-old boy would fall into the creek (小溪). I tied a rope around his waist to keep him near to our spot. That lasted about ten minutes. He was44 , and his crying let the whole campground know it. So45 tying him up, I just kept a close eye on him. It46 -he didn’t end up in the creek. My three-year-old, however, did.
Another time, we rented a boat in Vallecito Lake. The sky was clear when we47 , but storms move in fast in the mountains, and this one quickly48our peaceful morning trip. The49picked up and thunder rolled. My husband stopped fishing to50 the motor. Nothing. He tried again. No51 . We were stuck in the middle of the lake with a dead motor. As we all sat there52 , a fisherman pulled up, threw us a rope and towed (拖) us back. We were53.
Now, every year when my husband pulls our camper out of the garage, we are filled with a sense of54 , wondering what camping fun and 55 we will experience next.


41. A. ideasB. jokesC. memoriesD. discoveries

42. A. campedB. droveC. walkedD. cycled

43. A. annoyedB. surprisedC. disappointedD. worried

44. A. unhurtB. unfortunateC. uncomfortableD. unafraid

45. A. due toB. instead ofC. apart fromD.as for

46. A. workedB. happenedC. matteredD. changed

47. A. signed upB. calmed downC. checked outD. headed off

48. A. arrangedB. interruptedC. completedD. recorded

49. A. windB. noiseC. temperatureD. speed

50. A. findB. hideC. startD. fix

51. A. luckB. answerC. wonderD. signal

52. A. patientlyB. tirelesslyC. doubtfullyD. helplessly

53. A. sorryB. braveC. safeD. right

54. A. reliefB. dutyC. prideD. excitement

55. A. failureB. adventureC. performanceD. conflict


【参考答案】

41-45:CADCB

46-50:ADBAC

51-55:ADCDB



第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Chinese government recently finalized a plan to set up a Giant Panda National Park (GPNP).56(cover) an area about three times 57size of Yellowstone National Part, the GPNP will be one of the first national park in the country. The plan will extend protection to a significant number of areas that 58(be) previously unprotected, bringing many of the existing protected areas for giant pandas under one authority59(increase) effectiveness and reduce inconsistencies in management.
After a three-year pilot period, the GPNP will be officially set up next year. The GPNP60(design) to reflect the guiding principle of "protecting the authenticity and integrity (完整性) of natural ecosystems, preserving biological diversity, protecting ecological buffer zones,61leaving behind precious natural assets (资产) for future generations". The GPNP's main goal is to improve connectivity between separate62(population)and homes of giant pandas, and 63(eventual) achieve a desired level of population in the wild.
Giant pandas also serve64 an umbrella species (物种), bringing protection to a host of plants and animals in the southwestern and northwestern parts of China. The GPNP is intended to provide stronger protection for all the species65 live within the Giant Panda Range and significantly improve the health of the ecosystem in the area.


【参考答案】

56.Covering

57.the

58.were

59.to increase

60.is designed

61.and

62.populations

63.eventually

64.as

65.that


第四部分写作(共两节、满分40分)
第一节(满分15分)
假定你是校广播站英语节目“Talk and Talk”的负责人李华,请给外教Caroline写邮件邀请她做一次访谈。内容包括:
1.节目介绍;
2.访谈的时间和话题。

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;
2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Dear Caroline,



Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第二节(满分25分)
阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

It was the day of the big cross-country run. Students from seven different primary schools in and around the small town were warming up and walking the route (路线) through thick evergreen forest.

I looked around and finally spotted David, who was standing by himself off to the side by a fence. He was small for ten years old. His usual big toothy smile was absent today. I walked over and asked him why he wasn't with the other children. He hesitated and then said he had decided not to run.
What was wrong? He had worked so hard for this event!
I quickly searched the crowd for the school's coach and asked him what had happened. "I was afraid that kids from other schools would laugh at him," he explained uncomfortably. "I gave him the choice to run or not, and let him decide."
I bit back my frustration (懊恼). I knew the coach meant well-he thought he was doing the right thing. After making sure that David could run if he wanted, I turned to find him coming towards me, his small body rocking from side to side as he swung his feet forward.
David had a brain disease which prevented him from walking or running like other children, but at school his classmates thought of him as a regular kid. He always participated to the best of his ability in whatever they were doing. That was why none of the children thought it unusual that David had decided to join the cross-country team. It just took him longer -that's all. David had not missed a single practice, and although he always finished his run long after the other children, he did always finish. As a special education teacher at the David faced and was school, I was familiar with the challenges the challenges proud of his strong determination.

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

We sat down next to each other, but David wouldn't look at me.



I watched as David moved up to the starting line with the other runners.

阅读材料试题分析:

年高考读后续写原文故事情节简单清晰,讲述了David因为脑部疾病影响行动,教练担心他被嘲笑而让他选择是否继续参加比赛。David选择放弃,而“我”作为该学校特殊教育老师,决定帮助鼓励他参加比赛。故事语言相对易懂,内容贴近学生生活,让学生有话可写。所给两段段首句没有生词,降低了学生在审题上的困难。根据第二段段首句,David和其他选手一起站在起跑线,可以反推出作者在写作第一段成功说服David 参加比赛,而从全文立意,情节传达正能量的考量,可以推出David 跑完了比赛。在情节设计上,宜以作者与David的互动为落脚点。从语言一致角度考虑,续写宜选择较常见的动作描写、心理描写等。

情节设计思路:

第一段:我引起David注意——说服David参加比赛——David思考后决定参加比赛

第二段:我给予David鼓励——David坚持跑完——情感升华:David感受到挑战自我的成就感

David 情绪变化:惊讶——犹豫——决心——成就感——感恩

我的情绪:坚定——为David骄傲

推荐句型:Sb seemed to be…

Without sth, Sb would never do sth.

推荐短语:no reason to do, convince sb of sth, fulfill the ambition, signal to sb with sth, take a deep breath, with all one’s strength, in spite of, out of breath, sense of achievement




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